Cable Supplied With Vehicle
Infrastructure Connector Compatibility With Vehicle
Your Vehicle Traction Battery Size [kWh] (useable) Maximum AC Current Accepted [Amps] Maximum DC Current Accepted [Amps] Three Pin BS1363 Mode 2 Cable S Pin Type 2 Cable Tethered five pin J1772 plug Tethered S Pin Type 2 Plug DC JEVS/G105 tethered plug Combined Charging System AC/DC Type 2 Tethered Plug Tesla DC Supercharger Type 2 Tethered Plug Comment/ Charging mode compatibility
Audi A3 e-tron 8.8 16 N/A Unknown Unknown No Yes No No No Proposed Type 2 male vehicle socket. Not rapid charge compatible.
BMW i3 22 (18.8) 32 125 Yes Accessory at extra cost No Yes No Yes No Rapid DC Charge by CCS only. Compatible with Type 2 female plug. Not Rapid AC charge compatible.
BMW i8 (2014) 7 (5) (16, TBC) N/A Yes Accessory at extra cost No Yes No No No Compatible with Type 2 plug. Not Rapid AC or DC charge compatible.
Chevrolet Volt 16 (12) 16 N/A Yes No, seek 3rd party product Yes No No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. J1772 single phase AC vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Chevrolet Spark 20 13 125 Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Proposed DC charge by CCS. Compatible with Type 2 female plug. Not Rapid AC charge compatible.
Citroen C-Zero 16 16 125 Yes Accessory at extra cost Yes No Yes No No Mode 2-4 charging. J1772 single phase AC and JEVS/G105 DC vehicle sockets. Rapid DC charge by CHAdeMO only. Not AC Rapid charge compatible.
Daimler Smart ED (2013-) 16 32 (three phase optional) N/A Yes Yes, 20A cable for 1P OBC; 32A cable for 3P OBC No Yes No No No Mode 2-3 compatible only. Type 2 male vehicle socket as standard. Vehicle available with 22kW on-board AC charger. Capable of pseudo-Rapid charge.
Daimler Smart ED (2010) 16 16 N/A Yes Accessory at extra cost; 20A cable for 1P OBC No No No No No Mode 1-3 charging only. Type 2 female vehicle socket. Requires Type 2 male plug to Type 2 male plug cable for mode 3 charging. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Fisker Karma 20 13 N/A Yes Yes Yes No No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. J1772 single phase AC vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Ford C-MAX Energi (2014) 7.6 (13, TBC) N/A Yes Accessory at extra cost Yes No No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. J1772 single phase AC vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Ford Focus EV (2014) 23 32 N/A Yes Accessory at extra cost Yes No No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. J1772 single phase AC vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Kia Soul EV 23 32 125 Unknown Unknown Yes No Yes No No Mode 2-4 charging.
J1772 single phase AC and JEVS/G105 DC vehicle sockets. Rapid DC charge by CHAdeMO only. Not AC Rapid charge compatible.
Lightning EV (2013) 36 or 44 13 (three phase; 9kW) (125 optional) Yes Yes Yes No (Yes, is optional) No No Mode 2-3 charging only. J1772 single phase AC vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Mercedes B-Class E-Cell Plus 28 16 three phase N/A No, accessory at extra cost Yes No Yes No No No Proposed Mode 2-3 charging only. Type 2 male vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Mercedes S500 PHEV (2014-2015) 8.7 (16, TBC) N/A Unknown Unknown No Yes No No No Proposed Mode 2-3 charging only. Type 2 male vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Mercedes SLS EV (2014-2015) 60 32 three phase N/A No Yes, 3P cable No Yes No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. Type 2 male vehicle socket. Pseudo—Rapid charge compatible at 22kW three phase AC. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Mercedes Vito E-Cell Van (2012) 36 13 three phase (uses two phases) N/A No Yes, 3P cable Yes No No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. Type 2 male vehicle socket. Three phase charging possible. Not Rapid charge compatible.
MIA Electric (2012) 8 or 12 16 N/A Yes Accessory at extra cost Yes No No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. J1772 single phase AS vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Mitsubishi i-Miev (2012) 16 16 125 Yes Accessory at extra cost Yes No Yes No No Mode 2-4 charging.
J1772 single phase AC and JEVS/G105 DC vehicle sockets. Rapid DC charge by CHAdeMO only. Not AC Rapid charge compatible.
Mitsubishi i-Miev (2010) 16 16 125 Yes No, vehicle not Mode 3 No No Yes No No Modes 1 and 4 charging only. J1772 single phase AC and JEVS/G105 DC vehicle sockets. No Mode 3 charging electronics on-board. Will not charge from Mode 3 charging infrastructure. Rapid DC charge by CHAdeMO only.
Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV (2014) 12 16 125 Yes Accessory at extra cost Yes No Yes No No Mode 2-4 charging.
J1772 single phase AC and JEVS/G105 DC vehicle sockets. Rapid DC charge by CHAdeMO only. Not AC Rapid charge compatible.
Nissan Leaf (2011) 3.3kW OBC 24 16 125 Yes Accessory at extra cost Yes No Yes No No Modes 2-4 charging only. J1772 single phase AC and JEVS/G105 DC vehicle sockets. Rapid DC charge by CHAdeMO only. Not Rapid AC charge compatible.
Nissan Leaf (2013) 6.6kW OBC 24 32 125 No, accessory at extra cost (unless 3.3kW OBC, then as standard) Yes, but only with 6.6kW OBC models Yes No Yes No No Modes 2-4 charging only. J1772 single phase AC and JEVS/G105 DC vehicle sockets. Rapid DC charge by CHAdeMO only. Not Rapid AC charge compatible. Slightly faster single phase AC charging time (7kW vs 3.6kW in older model).
Nissan e-NV200 (2014-2015) 24 32 125 Unknown Unknown Yes No Yes No No Modes 2-4 charging only. J1772 single phase AC and JEVS/G105 DC vehicle sockets. Rapid DC charge by CHAdeMO only. Not Rapid AC charge compatible.
Peugeot iON (2012) 16 16 125 Yes Accessory at extra cost Yes No Yes No No Modes 2-4 charging only. J1772 single phase AC and JEVS/G105 DC vehicle sockets. Rapid DC charge by CHAdeMO only. Not AC Rapid charge compatible.
Porsche Panamera PHEV (2013) 9.4 16 N/A Yes Yes No Yes No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. Type 2 vehicle socket. Not Rapid DC charge compatible.
Renault Fluence EV(2012) 22 16 N/A No, accessory at extra cost Yes Yes No No No No Modes 2-3 charging only. J1772 single phase AC vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Renault Kangoo Electric Van(2013) 22 16 N/A No, accessory at extra cost Yes No Yes No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. Type 2 socket. Not Rapid charge compatible
Renault Twizy Electric (2012) 6.1 13 N/A Yes No, vehicle not Mode 3 No No No No No Mode 1 charging only. Tethered BS1363 three pin vehicle plug. Plug is larger than expected and may not fit into weatherproof socket apertures. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Renault Zoe 22 63 (three phase) N/A No, accessory at extra cost Yes, 3P cable No Yes No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. Type 2 male vehicle socket. Rapid charge by AC Type 2 plug only. Not Rapid DC charge compatible.
Tesla Roadster (2011) 56 80 N/A Yes Accessory at extra cost No Yes No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. Tesla bespoke vehicle socket requires J1772 adaptor cable. May be pseudo-Rapid charged utilising a Tesla Supercharger. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Tesla Model S
(2014)
60 or 85 40 or 80 (11kW or 22kW) 170 using Tesla’s 120kW Supercharger Yes, adaptors for BS1363, Commando 1P and 3P available Accessory at extra cost No Yes, but only up to the rated input of the onboard charger(s) at 11 or 22kW only Yes, but only with Tesla Type 2 to JARI JEVS/G105 adaptor bought as an accessory No Yes Mode 2-3 charging utilising Type 2 male vehicle socket. May be pseudo-Rapid charged at 11 or 22kW three phase AC. CHAdeMO rapid charge compatible with adaptor. Tesla Supercharger compatible utilising a Type 2 socket and plug
Tesla Model X (2015) 60 or 85 TBC (likely to be similar to S) TBC Unknown Unknown No Yes, but only up to the rated input of the onboard charger(s) at 11 or 22kW only Yes, but only with Tesla Type 2 to JARI JEVS/G105 adaptor bought as an accessory No Yes Proposed Mode 2-3 charging utilising Type 2 male vehicle socket. May be pseudo-Rapid charged at 11 or 22kW three phase AC. CHAdeMO rapid charge compatible with adaptor. Tesla Supercharger compatible utilising a Type 2 socket and plug.
Toyota Prius PHEV (2012) 4.4 16 N/A Yes Accessory at extra cost Yes No No No No Modes 2-3 charging only. J1772 single phase AC vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Vauxhall Ampera (2012) 16 (12) 16 N/A Yes No, seek 3rd party product Yes No No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. J1772 single phase AC vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
Volvo V60 PHEV (2013) 11.2 (8) 16 N/A Yes Accessory at extra cost No Yes No No No Mode 2-3 charging only. Type 2 vehicle socket. Not Rapid charge compatible.
VW E-Up (2014) 18.7 16 125 Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Proposed Rapid DC Charge by CCS only. Compatible with Type 2 female plug. Not Rapid AC charge compatible.
VW E-Golf
(2014-2015)
24.2 32 125 Unknown Unknown No Yes No Yes No Proposed Rapid DC Charge by CCS only. Compatible with Type 2 female plug. Not Rapid AC charge compatible.
VW Passat PHEV
(2015)
8.8 16 N/A Unknown Unknown No Yes No No No Compatible with Type 2 female plug. Not Rapid AC charge or DC CCS compatible.

Electric Vehicles’ and rechargeable hybrids’ Charging Standards are regulated by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). The main standard is IEC 62196, which defines the types of connectors used (sockets and plugs) and modes of chargings. Most important in IEC 62196 standard are separated AC and DC chargings. It’s important to understand that the battery of electric vehicle uses a direct current but our electrical grid uses alternating current. Thus, in the case of using AC charging station electric vehicle converts alternating current to direct, which battery is charging of. In this case, board charger of ev determines power and speed of charging. Normally, this setting is specified by manufacturer. For example, using 22 kW station and on-board battery charger with capacity of 3.3 kW, ev charging power would be 3.3 kW. To determine the time required for charging of specific vehicle using alternating current, the usable capacity of traction battery must be devided by power of on-board charger. In real life it would take a little more time. When electric vehicle is charged by DC station, the station cares about conversion process. Today AC stations are called standard charging stations, and DC stations – express charhing sets or fast stations.

Cables and charging modes
Possible charge modes are described in IEC 62196 Standart, which defines the following features:

– Mode 1 – charging with alternating current from home electrical grid;
– Mode 2 – charging with alternating current from home electrical grid using a security system within a cable;
– Mode 3 – single- or three-phase charging with alternating current using a special connector that implements the system of protection and monitoring of charge;
– Mode 4 – fast direct current charge.

Mode 1 almost never used on serial electric vehicles, because can’t provide the required level of safety.

Mode 2 is a standard cable for charging of electric vehicle from the home electrical grid, available for any serial electric vehicles.

Mode 3 involves using of AC charging station and special single or three phase cable. There are two types of Mode 3:

Mode 3 Type 1 – Single-phase sockets. The maximum allowable power is 1h32A, 7.2 kW. Another name is SAE J1772.

Mode Mode 3 Type 2 – three-phase sockets. Another common name – «Mennekes». The maximum allowable power is 3h64A, 43 kW.

AC Charging station, used in Europe, uses type 2. However, in this case, this charging station can charge both electric vehicles with Type 2 or Type 1.

Mode 4 involves a use of DC charging stations. Today, there are two types of stations – CHAdeMO and CCS (Combined Charging System). Alternative names: CHAdeMO – System A, CCS – COMBO2, System C.

CHAdeMO – originally a Japanese design, today used in Nissan, Mitsubishi Motors and Kia.

CCS – European development used in BMW and VAG.

CCS and CHAdeMO use different types of connectors and communication protocols. Nevertheless, today presented rapid charging with both of these standards that are combined in one device.

Both Mode 4 types can provide maximum power up to 100 kW, but almost all of them have capacities of 20, 44 and 50 kW.

Technically Mode 4 Mode allows you to charge an electric vehicle battery to 100%, but physically charge of last 20% of capacity requires much more time. In this regard, most of stations are configured to charge batteries to 80% of their capacity to optimize time-consuming.

In real life, in summer, charging of cars such as Nissan Leaf from 0 to 80% takes 31 minutes.

The exception in mass-produced electric vehicles is Tesla Motors. The company develops its own Express Charging System – Tesla Superchager.

This is a proprietary standard of DC charging stations are only compatible with Tesla Motors’ vehicles. Today, Tesla Supercharger has a capacity of 120 kW.